Solid Foods
20 April 2023

How to Introduce Solid Foods to Your Baby: A Step-by-Step Guide


The time to introduce solid foods to your baby is an exciting milestone in their development, but it can also be a confusing and overwhelming experience for parents. From when to start to what foods to offer, there are a lot of questions that need to be answered. In this step-by-step guide, we’ll walk you through everything you need to know about introducing solid foods to your baby.

Know When to Start

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that babies should be exclusively breastfed or formula-fed for the first six months of life. After six months, you can start to introduce solid foods. However, every baby is different, and some may show signs of readiness earlier or later than others. Here are some signs to look for to know when your baby is ready to start solid foods:

  • Your baby can sit up with support.
  • Your baby has good head control.
  • Your baby has lost the tongue-thrust reflex (where they push food out of their mouth with their tongue).
  • Your baby shows interest in food by watching you eat or reaching for food.

Choose the Right Time

When you start to introduce solid foods to your baby, it’s important to choose the right time. You want your baby to be hungry but not starving, and you want them to be in a good mood. Pick a time of day when your baby is typically happy and alert, and make sure they aren’t too tired or cranky.

Start with Single-Ingredient Purees

When you’re ready to start to introduce solid foods, begin with single-ingredient purees. This will help your baby get used to the taste and texture of solid foods without overwhelming them with too many new flavors at once.

Good first foods to try include:

  • Mashed or pureed fruits, such as bananas, apples, pears, or avocados
  • Mashed or pureed vegetables, such as sweet potatoes, carrots, peas, or green beans
  • Single-grain infant cereals, such as rice, oatmeal, or barley mixed with breast milk or formula

Offer a small amount of food on a soft-tipped spoon, and wait for your baby to open their mouth before offering more. Start with just a few spoonfuls at a time, and gradually increase the amount as your baby gets used to eating.

Introduce Solid Foods

Watch for Allergic Reactions

As you introduce new foods, watch for signs of allergic reactions, such as:

  • Hives or a rash
  • Swelling of the face or mouth
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Vomiting or diarrhea

If you notice any of these symptoms, stop feeding your baby the new food immediately and contact your pediatrician.

Offer a Variety of Nutritious Foods

A great idea when you want to introduce solid foods to your baby, is that once your baby has tried a few simple foods and has shown no signs of an allergic reaction, you can start offering a wider variety of nutritious foods. Try pureed meats, fruits, and vegetables, as well as mashed or soft-cooked grains, like rice, quinoa, and pasta. Offer a variety of textures and flavors to help your baby develop their palate and discover what they like.

Don’t Forget About Breast Milk or Formula

Even as you introduce solid foods to your baby, breast milk or formula should still be their primary source of nutrition for the first year of life. Offer breast milk or formula before solid foods to ensure your baby is getting the nutrients they need.

Gradually Increase the Amount of Solid Foods

Once you have started the process to introduce solid foods, and your baby has gotten used to eating solid foods, you can gradually increase the amount you give them. Start by offering one or two teaspoons of food at a time, and then gradually increase the amount to a tablespoon or more. You can also start offering your baby a variety of different foods and textures.

It’s important to keep in mind that your baby will still be getting most of their nutrition from breast milk or formula at this stage. It is also important to remember that when you introduce solid foods, these solid foods are meant to complement, not replace, milk feeds. As your baby eats more solid foods, you may find that they start to drink less milk.

Solid Foods

Offer Water in a Cup

It’s a good idea to offer your baby water in a cup along with solid foods. This will help to keep them hydrated and get them used to drinking from a cup. You can offer water at any time, but it’s especially important to offer it when your baby is eating solid foods.

Make sure to use a small cup or a sippy cup with handles. You can also use a straw cup or a regular cup if your baby is ready. Offer a small amount of water at a time, and don’t worry if your baby doesn’t drink much at first.

Keep Trying

Introducing solid foods can be a gradual process, and it’s normal for babies to take some time to get used to the idea. Don’t worry if your baby doesn’t eat much at first or spits out the food. Keep offering small amounts of different foods, and your baby will eventually get the hang of it.

Remember that every baby is different, and there’s no one “right” way to introduce solid foods. Some babies may take to it quickly, while others may need more time and patience. Just keep trying, and trust your instincts as a parent.


Introducing solid foods is an exciting milestone in your baby’s development, but it can also be a bit overwhelming. By following these simple steps, you can make the process as smooth and stress-free as possible.

Remember to wait until your baby is around six months old and showing signs of readiness before introducing solid foods. Start with single-ingredient purees and gradually increase the amount and variety of foods you offer.

Offer water in a cup along with your baby’s solid foods to keep them hydrated and get them used to drinking from a cup. And don’t forget to keep trying and trust your instincts as a parent.

By following these steps, you’ll be on your way to introducing your baby to a world of new tastes and textures. Good luck!

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